What is osteoporosis? Factors of osteoporosis and its prevention


Osteoporosis (Osteoporosis) are a common disease that weakens bones and increases the risk of bone fractures. When you have osteoporosis, as the normal or ordinary tap or in the extreme, even by a cough may break your bones. Fractures related to osteoporosis typically in the hip, wrist and spine occurs.


Bone is living tissue that is constantly absorbed in the body and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the bone produces new bone death of the old is not equal.

Osteoporosis in men and women of different races of humans occurs and all but white people and Asian women (especially women after menopause) are at greater risk for developing the disease.

Medications, diet and exercise can help prevent and treat this disease.

Symptoms of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is usually in the early stages of certain symbols and signs of disease improved after your little show, some of the common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain
  • Difficulty in standing
  • Sitting right problem
  • Short stature over time
  • Easy Break low-intensity bone trucks

While osteoporosis itself is not painful, but it is painful bone breakage due to osteoporosis, the most common bone fractures of the spine bones is breaking.

The reasons for osteoporosis and those at risk of osteoporosis

As we said Osteoporosis occurs when bone production and bone death of the old with the new is not, in this case, your bone density is reduced and you get osteoporosis. Factors that play a role in developing the disease, five categories of risks and immutable factors, hormone levels, nutritional factors, drugs are steroids and other drugs and lifestyle.

Risks and immutable factors and osteoporosis

  • Your gender, more women than men at risk for the disease.
  • Age, older people more than others are at risk of the disease.
  • Race, white people and Asians also are at greater risk.
  • Your body size, small size, people are more at risk of disease because bone in these individuals may be less.
  • Alcoholics, regular consumption of alcohol can increase your risk of osteoporosis.

Hormone levels and osteoporosis

  • Sex hormones, reduced levels of estrogen in menopausal osteoporosis is one of the most important factors. When the level of estrogen in women treated with some form of cancer treatment is also reduced. In men, testosterone levels decrease over time as well as some types of prostate cancer treatment reduces testosterone levels, these decreased levels of sex hormones in men and women can lead to weak bones.
  • Thyroid problems, is too much thyroid hormone can cause bone weakness. When too much thyroid hormone in your blood that you have active thyroid or a large amount of drugs for the treatment of hypothyroidism you get.
  • Other endocrinology, osteoporosis and other endocrine diseases, including overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands as well as in communication.

Nutritional and osteoporosis

  • Calcium deficiency, the lack of long-term if it can be osteoporosis.
  • Eating disorders, anorexia people who are ill, are at greater risk for developing osteoporosis. Smaller meals can reduce the amount of calcium in the body. Anorexia can also cause cessation of menstruation in women, and consequently, increased risk of osteoporosis.
  • Gastrointestinal tract surgery, those with surgery to reduce stomach size, doing gastric bypass surgery or part of the intestines are removed, are at greater risk for developing osteoporosis.

The use of steroids and other drugs and osteoporosis

Long-term use of corticosteroid medications such as prednisone and cortisone interferes with bone formation. As well as with other osteoporosis drugs, including:

  • Drugs prevention and treatment of seizures
  • Drugs prevention and treatment of depression
  • Drugs prevention and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux
  • Drugs prevention and treatment of cancer
  • Drugs to prevent and treat organ rejection

Lifestyle and osteoporosis

  • Lack of exercise, people who are sedentary and is sitting all the time, are at greater risk for developing osteoporosis.
  • Alcoholics, regular consumption of alcohol can increase your risk of osteoporosis.
  • Smoking, although the main reason for the effect of smoking on osteoporosis is unknown, but studies show that osteoporosis and smoking are linked together.

Diagnosis of osteoporosis

Your bone density testing related to the disease, including X-ray test to be determined. People over 65 years of age, menopause, diseases of thyroid, liver, kidneys, type 1 diabetes and people who have a family history of the disease should do a bone density test.

Treatment of osteoporosis

Most treatments for osteoporosis are to prevent the loss of bone density and prevent bone fractures are useful. Some types of osteoporosis with diet and lifestyle changes are manageable. Other therapies that use of the drug should be prescribed by a doctor. These treatments may include:

  • Exercise strengthens the muscles that are
  • Quit Smoking
  • For the treatment of osteoporosis as well as some types of hormones.
  • For women who inject drugs reduce the risk of fractures
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Supplements containing calcium and vitamin D

Prevention of osteoporosis

Three factors are very important for maintaining bone health, these factors include receiving the proper amount of calcium, vitamin D and regular exercise are receiving the right amount. Ways to prevent osteoporosis and compliance with these three important factors include:

  • Getting enough calcium, make sure you get enough calcium. Some of the study adequately 1,000 mg per day for people under 50 years of age and 1,200 mg per day for people over 50 years. This is calcium through supplements and some foods can be provided through. To learn calcium-containing food article useful foods for bone health
  • Vitamin D, vitamin D sufficient to ensure that you receive. Some research enough vitamin D 400-800 IU per day for people under 50 years and 800-1000 IU for people over 50 years. To get acquainted with vitamin D and foods containing this article to read.
  • Exercise is another way to maintain healthy bones and prevent osteoporosis is exercise. Exercise such as walking, climbing stairs, jogging, racquet sports and swimming are useful.
  • Soy, because soy contains plant estrogen that is useful for maintaining bone health, is.
  • Alcohol abstinence
  • Reduce intake of caffeine
  • Quit smoking


!-- Composite Start -->