The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red berry-type fruit of Solanum lycopersicum.commonly known as a tomato plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The species originated in Central and South America.
The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomato gave rise to the Spanish word “tomato”, where the English word tomato comes from. Its many varieties are widely grown, sometimes in greenhouses in cooler climates. The plants typically grow to 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in height and have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants.
It is a perennial in its native habitat, and grown as an annual in temperate climates. An average common tomato weighs approximately 100 grams (4 Oz). Its use as a food originated in Mexico, and spread throughout the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. While tomatoes are botanically and scientifically the berry-type fruits of the tomato plant, They can also be considered a culinary vegetable, causing some confusion.
The word “tomato” comes from the Spanish tomate, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl word tomatl. It first appeared in print in 1595.
The native Mexican tomatillo is tomate (in Nahuatl: tomātl, meaning “fat water” or “fat thing”).When Aztecs started to cultivate the Andean fruit, bigger and red, they called the new species xitomatl (or jitomates) (pronounced [ʃiːˈtomatɬ]), (“plump thing with navel” or “fat water with navel”). After their conquest of Tenochtitlan, Spaniards exported tomatoes (jitomates) to the rest of the world with the name tomate, so numerous languages use forms of the word “tomato” (tomate) to refer to the red tomato instead of the green tomatillo. It first appeared in print in 1595. The scientific species epithet lycopersicum means “wolf peach”, and comes from German werewolf myths. These legends said that deadly nightshade was used by witches and sorcerers in potions to transform themselves into werewolves, so the tomato’s similar, but much larger, fruit was called the “wolf peach” when it arrived in Europe.